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This paper is an exploratory literature search of oil exploitation in the Niger Delta region and how it has largely helped to degrade the environment. Specifically, the paper looks at the impact of oil exploration, environmental degradation on the farming activities of Ogoni women. As pointed out, data for this paper were obtained from published information from literature search. Ogoni women remain educationally disadvantaged, oil exploitation and the resultant pollution have left the Ogoni women with no adequate means to maintain or support their families, and this gives rise to tension in the home and community. Environmental degradation places the entire population of the region at risk. Security forces often beat, rape women, and commit other sexual criminal acts. The paper recommends that, Extension agents should redesign a strategic plan to educate female farmers and increase their knowledge and skill base, which are essential for effective use of inputs. Oil companies should ensure proper trapping of gases, prevent the occurrence of oil spillage, and drilling should be done far away from the farm settlements.
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